Help with Conditional Proof

Logical System


Conditional Proof

This video shows the techniques for Conditional Proof using the downloadable application Deriver. But the techniques are exactly the same for the Proof applet running in a web page. So, the video may look slightly different to what you are looking at, but the underlying principles and approach are the same.

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The Symbolization Widget

Logical System

Example only

Tutorial 16 Symbolization using the quantifiers.


Skill to be acquired in this tutorial:

To learn how to use the Universal and Existential Quantifiers in symbolizing propositions.

The Tutorial

In Predicate Logic there are two new logical connectives, the Universal Quantifier (∀x) and the Existential Quantifier (∃x). These are used for symbolizing certain English constructions (they also have their own rules of inference and their own semantics, which we will learn about later).

The Proof Widget

Logical System


Some predicate logic proofs or derivations using Gentzen calculus. Try to prove them. Click on a line to select it. Select one or more lines, apply the appropriate rule off the Rules menu. (Click 'Derive It' off the Wizard Menu, if you want help).

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Try your own derivations

Logical System

Roll your own derivations


You may have derivations of your own that you wish to try. Just type, paste, or drag and drop, them into the panel, select your derivation, and click 'Start from selection'. [Often copy-and-paste won't work directly from a Web Page; however, usually drag-and-drop will work!]

You will need to use the correct logical symbols. Here they are

F ∴ F ∧ G ∼ ∧ ∨ ⊃ ≡ ∀ ∃ ∴ (or use the palette to produce them)