Fast Start on Web Page presentations (for Instructors)

10/15/14  under construction

[Deriver works in the form either of javascript widgets, which appear directly in a web page viewed through a web browser, or as a downloadable java application, which runs like any other application (usually off the desktop on your computer).]

With the widgets in web pages, it should be fairly clear what the possibilities are. The downloaded application offers more, but at the cost of being more complex.)

Further help with Reductio admin Tue, 01/14/2014 - 14:25
Logical System

Example of a difficult derivation


Try your own derivations

Logical System

Roll your own derivations


You may have derivations of your own that you wish to try. Just type, paste, or drag and drop, them into the panel, select your derivation, and click 'Start from selection'. [Often copy-and-paste won't work directly from a Web Page; however, usually drag-and-drop will work!]

You will need to use the correct logical symbols. Here they are

F ∴ F & G ∼ & ∨ ⊃ ≡ ∀ ∃ ∴ (or use the palette to produce them)

Tutorial 24: The restrictions on the quantificational rules

Logical System

Skill to be acquired:

To understand how the various restrictions on the quantificational rules work to exclude certain kinds of invalid inferences


Bergmann[2004] The Logic Book Section 10.1

The Tutorial

The Rule of Universal Elimination UE

If a derivation contains a line of the form

n (∀<variable>)<scope> <any justification>

then a line of the form

Tutorial 21: Existential Elimination admin Sat, 01/11/2014 - 01:50
Logical System



Bergmann[2004] The Logic Book Section 10.1.

The Tutorial

Existential Elimination (often called 'Existential Instantiation') permits you to remove an existential quantifier from a formula which has an existential quantifier as its main connective. It is one of those rules which involves the adoption and dropping of an extra assumption (like ∼I,⊃I,∨E, and ≡I).

The circumstance that Existential Instantiation gets invoked looks like this.